The first draft of the E-waste Management Rule was created in 2011. And the final draft of the guideline was issued on June 2021. So, the government took almost 10 years to finalize the rules. The Department Of Environment (DOE) also took steps to set up a reliable recycling system at the Bangabandhu Hi-Tech Park in Kaliakair, Gazipur, shortly after the rule was introduced.
The E-waste Management Rule covers a wide range of products listed in the Schedule, which includes home appliances, monitoring & control equipment, medical equipment, automatic machines, IT & communication equipment, etc. And the rule has established obligations for manufacturers, assemblers, collectors, sellers, and consumers of those products. The rule also set provisions to limit the use of the aforementioned 10 substances covered by the EU RoHS Directive. This regulation was put into effect upon publication of the draft.
The Main Provisions of This Regulation Are As Follows
- Manufacturers, traders, sellers, transporters, repairers, collection centers, recyclers, dismantlers, etc. of the subject products are required to register to the DOE with a prescribed form. They must also submit a WEEE management plan when applying for registration.
- Environmental clearance must be obtained by the registered manufacturers, recyclers, and others in accordance with the Bangladesh Environmental Protection Rules, 1997.
- If fluorescent and mercury incandescent lamps cannot be recycled, they must be given to collection centers for storage and disposal.
- Manufacturers, importers, and others must meet the WEEE collection targets outlined in the Schedule. (10% in the first year of the implementation, 20% in the second year, 30% in the third year, 40% in the fourth year, and 50% in the fifth year and thereafter).
- In order to facilitate the proper management of WEEE, the name, address, and contact information of the trader or seller, as well as the information on the registered collection center, shall be displayed on the product or on the product label, or this information shall be provided to consumers.
- Traders, sellers, and collectors of WEEE shall receive them from consumers at designated points and transport them to collection centers.
Mobile phones, computers, and home appliances all experienced record sales across the nation in the last few years, adding to the growing pile of e-waste, which is a massive hazard to the environment and the people of Bangladesh. The Department of Environment hopes that the rules will help in the reduction and recycling of electrical and electronic wastes in the country.
According to a 2010 report by the Environment and Social Development Organization, more than 15% of child workers in Bangladesh die during and after the effects of e-waste recycling each year, and more than 83% are exposed to toxic substances, become sick, and live with long-term illness.
JR Recycling Solutions Ltd. entered a partnership with the Bangladesh government under a public-private arrangement. The company has been collecting e-wastes from both institutional (Grameen Phone, Vivo, Samsung, Banglalink, Airtel, Symphony, etc.) sources and from the waste collection vendors for the last couple of years and recycling them. Approximately 800 to 600 tonnes of e-waste are being recycled annually at JR Recycling Solutions Ltd’s recycling plant in Savar, Dhaka.